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"I can highly recommend Apu as a guide. I climbed Aconcagua with him in December 2006 and received very excellent service, and close attention to our health and comfort..."


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About South America

South America is the fourth large continent in the world. It includes three major territories and 12 countries. The great Amazon River, the largest tropical rain forest in the world, the Andes Mountains make this continent beautiful beyond your imagination.  
 
According to South America Information the size of the continent is 17,819,000 sq km. South America is consisted of 12% of the earth's land. The diverse population of this continent has got 379,500,000 people. It stands fifth in population in the world.  
 
Surrounded by the Pacific Ocean on the north and Atlantic Ocean in the east and North America and Caribbean Sea in the northwest South America's highest point is Cerro Aconcaqua (6,962 m) and the lowest point is Peninsula Valdes (-40m), below sea level. It is located entirely in the Western Hemisphere and mostly in the Southern Hemisphere.  

 

South America Facts shows that many of the ethnic groups like Arabs, Quechuas , aimaras ( Peru , Bolivia) Germans, Italians, Koreans inhabit the place. The indigenous groups include Juris, Mestizo, Awa, Ge, Yagua, Chibcha, Mapuche etc. Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion in South America. Hindu, Muslims, Protestants are also to be found. Spanish is the official language of most of the countries but English, Portuguese, Dutch, French are also spoken. South America has got a mixed economy.  
 
Deforestation and minery  in  South America has become a major problem though the continent maintains a high percentage of the earth's ecosystem. The growing degradation is alarming. The forests including the biggest tropical rain forest, Amazon rain forest are being deforested also hills mining  This a growing threat to the wildlife.
Expansion of industry, logging, mining, cattle pastures are also responsible for this. The effects are however different in different areas starting from degradation of land slide and also the earth's biodiversity. top

Weather and climate in the Cordilleras

The trekking season in the Cordilleras Blanca and Huayhuash extendes from May to September. Though this is the middle of Winter it is dry in these mountain ranges because they are near to equator. The weather during the dry season is generally very stable with normally one or two bad days during the week. Freezing level is about 4500 m / 14 764 ft. - 5000m / 16 4040 ft. during the day, but strong sun can make it feel much warmer then this in the valleys. Wind is rarely a problem in the mountains during the dry season. Precipitation and temperature vary in accordance to altitude; the average temperature is between 9ºC – 0ºC.

Equipment list for trekking and climbing tours

 

  • 1 Backpack with a carrying capacity of 60 to 70 L/ 15 -17 Gallons (a similar sized duffle bag or travel bag can be used as a substitute)
  • · 1 Small backpack for day trips
  • Sleeping bag (rating depends upon particular trip)
  • 1 Warm jacket or parka
  • 3 Pairs of outdoor pants (jeans are not recommended as they are difficult to dry out when wet)
  • Warm sweaters
  • 2- 4 Pairs of woolen socks
  • T-shirts, shirts, hats or caps
  • 1 Set of warm underwear such as long underpants and long undershirts
  • 1 Pair of good hiking boots (make sure they are "broken-in")
  • 1 Pair of light shoes (runners or sneakers)
  • 1 Set of light rain gear such as a pant and jacket combination (poncho style rain gear is not recommended as it hinders movement while canoeing)
  • 1 Water bottle with a 1 litre capacity
  • 1 Pocket-knife or hunting knife
  • 1 Flashlight
  • 1 Pair of sun glasses (VERY IMPORTANT!)
  • A supply of sun blocker or sunscreen lotion and Lip suncream (VERY IMPORTANT!)
  • Personal medications
  • Underwear, personal items, and toiletries
  • 1 pair of fleece pants
  • 1 wool or fleece hat
  • Headlamp and Batteries (bring at least 2 spare sets)
  • 1 pair of Gore-Tex gaiters (heavy-duty, sized large enough to fit over plastic boots)
  • 1 pair of Gore-Tex shell glovestop

OPTIONAL:

  • Trekking poles (recommended)
  • Thermarest sleeping pad
  • Camera and film
  • Journal and pens
  • Spanish / English dictionary

 

 

 

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