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Salar de Uyuni Bolivia
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Salar de Uyuni

With a surface area of some 12,000 sq. km. (7,500 sq. mi.) and situated to the southwest of Bolivia, the Uyuni Salt Flat is the largest salt bed in the world. It covers almost the entire Province of Daniel Campos. It is comprised of approximately 11 layers, each one varying in thickness from 2 to 10 meters (6.5 and 32.8 ft). The crust on the surface is 10 meters thick, and it is estimated that the amount of salt that exists weighs about 64 billion tons. Additionally, the salt flat is situated on a major Lithium reserve and it contains significant quantities of potassium, boron, and magnesium. The Salt Bed is located at an altitude of 3,700 m (12,136 ft), in the western part of Uyuni, and it forms an enormous, completely flat, white plain. This infinite extension is what remains of a sea that filled the entire high plateau up to Lake Titicaca, and over the course of millions of years, the sea disappeared. Today, Lake Titicaca, Lake Poopó, and the Coipasa and Uyuni Salt Flats are what is left of that sea. To get to the Salt Flat, the busiest route is the one that begins in the city of Uyuni, located in the center of the Potosí district, and it heads northeast toward the Uyuni Salt Flat until it arrives to Colchani, a population dedicated to the artisan development of the salt. 10 km (6.25 mi) further west of Colchani is the Salt Hotel, where everything is made of salt: chairs, beds, tables, walls. Also on the way, you will find Isla de Pescado (Fish Island), a 10-hour trip from Colchani. It is considered the largest "oasis" in a salt flat presented by such an isolated ecosystem. The island is populated by a number of cacti more than 8 m (26 ft) tall. One can enjoy the landscape that is similar to those of polar regions where blues and whites merge together, and whose reflections generate images of inverted and horizontal saline hills over the horizon.

La Paz Uyuni - San Pedro de Atacama

 

Another popular route takes you from La Paz to San Pedro de Atacama in the Chilean Atacama Desert, stopping at Uyuni and the Lagunas Coloradas on the way. This journey offers a spectacular landscape and on the way you see the salt flats, spouting geysers, volcanoes, the Laguna Verde (Green lake) and the Laguna Colorada, (the Red lake), so called due to its red coloured algae which rare James flamingos feed off.

Itinerary

Day 1: La Paz- Uyuni

Day 2: Uyuni-Isla del pescado- San juan

Day 3: San Juan-Lagunas-Laguna Colorada

Day 4: Laguna Colorada-Aguas Termales- San Pedro Atacama



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