Lake Titicaca is a region of mystery and legend. Originally inhabited by the Urus, a people today extinct, it was dominated successively by Aymara warlords, Quechuas of the Inca empire, and Spanish conquerors. Along its banks flourished the Tihuanacu culture (1,500 A.C.) that left behind immense megalithic constructions and complex agricultural systems redolent of an advanced civilization. Before it mysteriously disappeared, its art, culture and religion had spread throughout the entire Andean region
Location: South high land (Andes) of Peru, in the limit with Bolivia.
Area: 27 800 Sq miles. Capital: Puno (12,555 feet above sea level)
The Lowest altitude: 2690 feet above sea level (Lanlacuni Bajo)
The Highest altitude: 15 502 feet above sea level (San Antonio de Esquilache)
Climate: Annual average temperature is 50ºF (the highest altitude of 66.2 ºF and the lowest one of 35.6 ºF). The rainy season starts on December and it lasts until April.
Uros Islands is by far the most unique of the three. The Uros Islands are a group of islands made out of totora reeds. These islands are home to the pre- Incan Uros people.
Taquile is a small narrow island with its main town situated on a hill. Boats can only reach the base of the island. You will have to walk up a steep staircase or take the long way–walking up an incline to t